HomeCyber BalkansA Critical Vulnerability in Cacti Allows Attackers to Execute Remote Code

A Critical Vulnerability in Cacti Allows Attackers to Execute Remote Code

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Cacti, a popular network monitoring tool, has recently released a critical security update to address a series of vulnerabilities, with the most severe being CVE-2024-25641. This particular vulnerability has been given a high severity rating with a CVSS score of 9.1, indicating its potential impact on affected systems.

CVE-2024-25641 allows authenticated users with the “Import Templates” permission to execute arbitrary PHP code on the server hosting the Cacti application. The vulnerability arises from improper sanitization and validating file names and content within uploaded XML data in the import_package() function. This flaw could result in arbitrary file writes on the web server. Security researcher Egidio Romano has demonstrated the exploitability of this vulnerability through a proof-of-concept PHP script, showcasing how attackers can manipulate the import process to inject and execute malicious code, thereby gaining unauthorized access to the system.

In addition to CVE-2024-25641, the latest Cacti update addresses several other security issues. These include CVE-2024-34340 (CVSS 4.2), which is an authentication bypass issue, CVE-2024-31443 (CVSS 5.7) and CVE-2024-27082 (CVSS 7.6), which are XSS flaws, and several SQL injection flaws ranging from CVSS 4.6 to 8.8. There is also CVE-2024-31459, an RCE vulnerability linked to file inclusion via plugins, and CVE-2024-29894, an XSS vulnerability in the JavaScript-based messaging API. These vulnerabilities vary in severity, with potential impacts ranging from cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks to SQL injection and arbitrary code execution.

With technical details and proof-of-concept code for these vulnerabilities now public, it is crucial for Cacti users to update their systems promptly. All platform users are strongly advised to upgrade to version 1.2.27 or later as soon as possible to mitigate the risks associated with these vulnerabilities. The release of these patches underscores the ongoing challenges and critical importance of maintaining up-to-date security practices in network monitoring tools like Cacti.

Users must remain vigilant and proactive in applying security updates to protect their networks from potential threats. The urgency for updating systems cannot be overstated, especially in light of the various vulnerabilities addressed in the latest Cacti update. By staying informed and taking prompt action to address security risks, users can help safeguard their systems against malicious actors.

Overall, the release of the critical security update by Cacti serves as a reminder of the constant need for vigilance and proactive security measures in the ever-evolving landscape of cybersecurity threats. As technologies advance and cyber threats grow more sophisticated, it is imperative for organizations and individuals to prioritize security updates and best practices to defend against potential vulnerabilities and attacks.

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